|430 bird species have been recorded in Oman|
The richest breeding avifauna on land is found in the Dhofar highlands and coast in the south of Oman, where many Afrotropical species breed. Relatively large numbers of the globally threatened Aquila heliaca winter or migrate through Oman; largest numbers are found in Dhofar, where the coastal khawrs and moist inland areas support up to seven birds per site in winter. Oman's mountains support a breeding population of Torgos tracheliotus significant in the Middle Eastern context (since the species is threatened or declining in the region) as well as major populations of some species with world ranges wholly or largely confined to the Middle East; Alectoris melanocephala, Oenanthe lugentloides and Rhynchostruthus socotranus in the Dhofar highlands, and Oenanthe alboniger in the northern mountains.
The desert plains of Oman support a notably healthy breeding population of the globally threatened Chlamydotis undulata (a minimum of 10-100 pairs), and this relatively large resident population is further swelled by migrants from the north during winter. The former south Arabian population of Struthio camelus, whose range included Oman, may also have been a distinctive subspecies, but is now extinct. Other notable breeding species of the desert avifauna are four sandgrouse Pterocles species and six lark (Alaudidae) species.
Over 450 species of birds have been identified in the Sultanate of Oman: some are passage migrants, some are resident while others are breeding visitors. There are just over 85 resident birds living in Oman all year round, while the majority are "migratory" birds which visit the country only at certain times of the year. In Muscat, Indian Rollers, Little Green Beeeaters, Yellow-Vented Bulbuls, Graceful Prinias and the Purple Sunbirds can be seen at any time of the year. Muscat is also one of the best places in the world to study the Steppe Eagle and one may see up to 100 at any one time. Travel by boat to the Daymaniyat Islands nature reserve. The birds that visit the islands to breed in summer include the Sooty Gull, Roseate Tern, White Cheeked Tern, Bridled Tern and the Western Reef Heron. More details here......