Black and Crimson Oriole (Oriolus cruentus)

The Birder's Market | Resource | Birds of Britain and Europe ID Guide | Starlings and Orioles | Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus | Identification of Golden Oriole | Species profiles Old world Orioles |  Black and Crimson Oriole (Oriolus cruentus)

Black & Crimson Oriole

Black & Crimson Oriole

The male is black with a crimson lower breast and a crimson patch near the bend of the wing.The female lacks the crimson colour, which is replaced by dark grey, and is vaguely similar in colour (though not in behaviour or shape) to a drongo or cuckoo-shrike.The pale blue-grey bill and dull bluish feet are diagnostic.
Although not uncommon, this is certainly not a conspicuous bird, keeping to tree tops and the middle storey.Its calls include a repetitive mewing, rather nasal, and the male has a fluty whistle which has been written as kek kreo.
Its food is a great variety of soft-bodied invertebrates and of fruits, for which it will occasionally come down to the lower storey of the forest.It is never seen in large groups, but only singly or in pairs, or with young.
Orioles resemble thrushes in shape, but they are more closely related to the drongos.There are various anatomical and behavioural similarities.Amongst these are the way in which both drongos and orioles bathe, by flying down from a perch to dive into shallow water such as a pool in the forest, and immediately returning to the same perch.This is not so very different from the typical drongo habit of flying out from and returning to one perch when catching insects, but is very different from the way in which orioles normally forage.
Black-and-Crimson Orioles are found in the mountains of Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Java as well as in Borneo.

Illustration by John Gale. Text from Birds of Mount Kinabalu Borneo (below).

Birds of Mount Kinabalu Borneo

Birds of Mount Kinabalu Borneo

' for the general visitor to Kinabalu, or naturalists paying homage to one of the world's most exciting places, the adventure can now be accompanied by such a guide as this.Using some of the finest watercolour illustrations by John Gale, Dr. Geoffrey Davison introduces the bird life of Kinabalu by highlighting 65 species that one may expect to observe about and above the Kinabalu park headquarters.The accompanying notes on the vegetation types on the mountain and the zonation expressed by the different birds, provide an easily accessible background to bird habitats and behaviour.For the Park itself, the present account is a useful addition to the literature that focuses on the ecological and conservation value of Kinabalu'.
Hardback. Quite stunning colour plates by John Gale.

Click here for availabilty and ordering details...

Related news stories:-Caribbean oriole taxonomy examined

An examination of the "Greater Antillean Oriole" complex has concluded that it may in fact consist of four distinct species found on different Caribbean islands.
Names proposed for the new splits are Bahamas Oriole Icterus northropi (Andros and Abaco, Bahamas), Cuban Oriole I. melanopsis (Cuba, Isla de Pinos), Hispaniolan Oriole I. dominicensis (Hispaniola) and Puerto Rican Oriole I. portoricensis (Puerto Rico).
The study, by Garrido, Wiley and Kirkonnell, published in the journal Ornitologia Neotropical (16: pp.449–470), found plumage differences between the four forms were more marked in immature birds, with vocal differences considered more significant in adults.
Within the group, Bahamian birds were considerably larger but appeared closest to Black-cowled Orioles I. prosthemelas of Central America in appearance, than to birds from the West Indies.
If accepted, the splits have considerable conservation implications for the newly recognised endemic species. For example, Puerto Rican birds are frequently victims of brood parasitism following the recent arrival of Shiny Cowbirds Molothrus bonariensis on the island.
Shiny Cowbirds are also a very real threat to the Bahamas Oriole. The orioles are believed to have been extirpated on Abaco and a 1997 study estimates just 50–100 birds on North Andros and 100–200 remaining on South Andros. There is no estimate for the number of birds on Mangrove Cay between North and South Andros.
Birdlife International

Related downloads: The Sundaland region Pdf

The Sundaland (or Sundaic) region includes the moist tropical lowland and montane forests of the Thai-Malay peninsula and the Greater Sunda islands. It supports 47 threatened bird species, 38 of which breed nowhere else.
Twenty-eight threatened species are particularly associated with Sundaland’s (once) extensive lowland forests, 22 of these are endemic to the region, including four unique to the Thai-Malay peninsula (including Gurney’s Pitta), one known only from Sumatra (Rueck’s Blue-flycatcher), five confined to Borneo and one small island specialist (Silvery Woodpigeon).Nineteen (mainly montane) threatened species are found in the region’s three Endemic Bird Areas, including one confined to the Bornean mountains, six to the Sumatra mountains, two to the Peninsular Malaysia mountains, and seven to the Java and Bali forests. This region also supports a remarkable total of 106 Near Threatened species, including 79 lowland specialists.

Click here for a free PDf

The Birder's Market | Resource | Birds of Britain and Europe ID Guide | Starlings and Orioles | Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus | Identification of Golden Oriole | Species profiles Old world Orioles |  Black and Crimson Oriole (Oriolus cruentus)

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