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Kopacki rit Nature Park

Kopacki rit Nature Park

The immense reeds, forests and ponds of Kopacki rit and the surrounding pasture-lands offer the ideal living conditions to many mammals: red deer (Cervus elaphus) population, roe (Capreolus capreolus), boar (Sus scrofa), hare (Lepus europeus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and other species. Kopacki rit is one of the best-known habitat regions of the red deer whose numerousness is three times as much as in the best European habitats.
285 bird species have been recorded in Kopacki rit out of which 141 species are the birds that nest regularly or occasionally in the marshland. Some of these bird species nest in big colonies ­ herons (Ardea cinerea, Ardea purpurea), lapwing gull (Larus ridibundus), tern (Chlidonias hybrida), cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) and others. In the Kopacki rit region, 20 pairs of white tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) also nest , a species endangered on the world­scale level. Among the other endangered species which regularly nest here are 5 pairs of black stork (Ciconia nigra), 4 to 5 pairs of falcon (Falco cherrug), 40 pairs of egret (Egretta garzetta) and about 100 pairs of wild geese (Anser anser). Several hundred pairs of duck (Aythya nyroca) nest in Kopacki rit and they are among the most endangered species. During the spring and autumn migrations, Kopacki rit represents a very significant resting place for many marshland species and there are several hundred thousands of birds in the marshland at that time.
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According to data that is available at the moment, 79 species of birds have been registered in Telašæica, even though it is considered that there are even more species. The most interesting among them are birds of prey. On the cliffs on the open-sea side of the island the Peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus ) is nesting. Besides it Eleonora's falcon ( Falco eleonorae ) can also be seen here. It only flies over this area, and it is nesting on Malta . Lanner falcon ( Falco biarmicus ) and Eurasian Kestrel ( Falco tinnunculus ) can also be seen here. Numerous swifts fly in flocks above the bay; Alpine swift ( Apus melba ) ,Pallid swift ( Apus palidus ) and Common swift that is called èiopa or caparin. The Pallid swift is called kosiriæ or jargiæ.
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During the night on Telašæica shouts of the Eurasian eagle owl ( Bubo bubo ) can be heard.
Ravens can often be seen on the cliff tops. From their observation posts they carefully monitor what is going on in the bay and watch for carrion. White wagtail ( Motacilla alba ) that is on Dugi otok island called èobanica or èeperinka because it dwells by the sheep, feeds on ticks and other small bugs that dwell around them.
Around the bay numerous seagulls can also be seen ( Larus cachinans – Yellow-legged gull). In some places on the island it is called kakalo, because of its characteristic cries. Besides them, Shag and Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax aristotelis and Phalacrocorax carbo ) that are less common can be seen on the sea, together with open-sea bird Yelkouan shearwater (ratinka or mali zovoj) - Puffinus puffinus yelkouan .

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