World bird news for January 2012

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Hunters targeted to save Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Hunters targeted to save Spoon-billed Sandpiper

It is estimated that at least 220 Spoon-billed Sandpipers, about half the global population, winter in Myanmar’s Gulf of Martaban. “Although not specifically targeted, Spoon-billed Sandpiper is regularly caught in nets that are set to catch other waders for food. Evidence suggests that this trapping is one of the main causes of the rapid recent decline of this species”, said Htin Hla, Chairman of BANCA.

In an attempt to mitigate hunting pressure, the Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association (BANCA – BirdLife in Myanmar) carried out socio-economic surveys and provided livelihood replacement support in communities on both the eastern and western shores of the Gulf of Martaban. This process was supported by BirdLife International Preventing Extinctions Program and BirdLife Species Champion WildSounds.

On the eastern shore of the Gulf of Martaban, BANCA identified 26 bird hunters in 15 villages. Hunters were categorised as subsistence (where birds constituted the most important income source), opportunistic (income supplemented by birds) or occasional. Fifteen of the hunters in this survey were categorised as subsistence or opportunistic. On the basis of individual interviews, the hunters in eastern Martaban roughly estimate having collectively caught 84 Spoon-billed Sandpipers between 1989 and 2011.

On the western shore, BANCA identified 37 bird hunters in 47 villages. However, only four hunters were categorised as subsistence (and three as opportunistic). These four individuals had no regular income. They supplemented bird hunting with catching crabs, working as agricultural labourers, piloting fishing boats and an array of other small jobs.

Generally speaking, bird hunting was associated with the poorest households, those that had insufficient capacity to adopt more desirable livelihoods, such as fishing and shop-keeping.

Following these surveys, BANCA revisited each household in order to devise a suitable alternative livelihood for each subsistence and opportunistic hunter in exchange for a vow to cease hunting activities. Once a suitable replacement livelihood has been identified, BANCA provided the funds for each individual to start up their new work. These funds were used to purchase assets such as livestock, fishing boats and building materials. Alongside this, BANCA carried out education and awareness raising activities in the villages, to increase local awareness and appreciation of Spoon-billed Sandpiper and other species.

On the Eastern shore, 9 of the 15 hunters had increased their livelihood status since the intervention and the other six had neither increased nor decreased their livelihood status. Hence the intervention has been hailed as a success, both for the birds and for the people. A follow-up survey has yet to be conducted within the western shore communities.

BANCA will continue to monitor the status of the communities along the shores of Martaban. Further education programs and community development initiatives are planned, such as providing improved access to safe water.

“The future of Spoon-billed Sandpiper is still very uncertain and there are multiple other conservation efforts currently underway. However, this innovative intervention might be critical in halting the decline of this spectacular birds’ population”, said Mike Crosby, BirdLife’s Senior Conservation Officer for the Asia Division.

Spoon-billed Sandpiper is one of the species being supported by the BirdLife Preventing Extinctions Programme.

e-petition calls to save the last Houbara Bustards in Tunisia

e-petition calls to save the last Houbara Bustards in Tunisia

Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata undulata is protected by the Tunisian law and several international conventions to which Tunisia is signatory. This did not prevent the near-extermination of the Tunisian population of Houbara Bustard by poaching of the emirs of the gulf states and which was authorised during more than 20 years by the Ben Ali regime.

At the beginning of November the Association “Les Amis des Oiseaux” (AAO – BirdLife in Tunisia) observed the impending threat of new poaching efforts. The AAO informed the authorities and civil society of the poaching risks, including organising a press conference in collaboration with other environmental organisations.

“To date all our calls to the Tunisian authorities remained without response”, says Claudia Feltrup Azafzaf, Project Director at AAO. “Therefore, we ask the President of the Republic and the current government to take a stand and to ensure that our laws are enforced and conserve the wildlife and in particular our last Houbara Bustards.”

“Please, sign and share our petition. Together we can help save Houbara Bustard in Tunisia”.

Click here to go to petition




Appeal launched for Patagonian grebe

Recent surveys on its coastal Patagonian wintering grounds indicate that the Endangered Hooded Grebe Podiceps gallardoi has declined by 40% in the last seven years and this, along with alarming new threats detected on its breeding grounds during 2011, indicate action is now urgently required to prevent the rapidly increasing threat of its extinction.
In response to these worrying findings, Aves Argentinas (BirdLife in Argentina) has mounted a wide-ranging offensive to protect this highly-threatened migratory species from further decline. In support, we are launching an international online appeal through the BirdLife Preventing Extinctions Programme to help fund the urgently required conservation action that they have already begun.

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The Birder's Market | Resource | Bird news for Britain / Rest of the World | World Bird News | World Bird News 2012 |  World bird news for January 2012

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