Garden birds Crows

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Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian Jay is roughly the size of a jackdaw (below) Although they are the most colourful members of the crow family, jays are actually quite difficult to see. They are shy woodland birds, rarely moving far from cover. The screaming call usually lets you know a jay is about and it is usually given when a bird is on the move, so watch for a bird flying between the trees with its distinctive flash of white on the rump. Jays are famous for their acorn feeding habits and in the autumn you may see them burying acorns for retrieving later in the winter.RSPB

Full description,sound and photographs in our online guide here....

Rook

Rook

The Rook (Corvus frugilegus) is a member of the Corvidae family in the passerine order of birds. Named by Linnaeus in 1758, the species name frugilegus is Latin for "food-gathering".

This species is similar in size (45–47 cm in length) or slightly smaller than the Carrion Crow with black feathers often showing a blue or bluish-purple sheen in bright sunlight. The feathers on the head, neck and shoulders are particularly dense and silky. The legs and feet are generally black and the bill grey-black.

Rooks are distinguished from similar members of the crow family by the bare grey-white skin around the base of the adult's bill in front of the eyes. The feathering around the legs also look shaggier and laxer than the congeneric Carrion Crow. The juvenile is superficially more similar to the Crow because it lacks the bare patch at the base of the bill, but it loses the facial feathers after about six months. A group of rooks is called a building.

Carrion Crow

Carrion Crow

Common (48–52 cm or 18 to 21 inches in length), but most often confused with rook (above). Has 'shallow' forhead, whearas rook is 'steap'. Bill appears much shorter and fatter than rook due to that species having a 'bare' face and 'bare' nostrils.
The Rook is generally gregarious and the Crow solitary although not always.The Carrion Crow is noisy, usually calling three or four times in quick succession, with a slight pause between each series of croaks. The wing-beats are slower, more deliberate than those of the Rook.

Full description,sound and photographs in our online guide here....

Magpie Pica pica

Magpie Pica pica

The (common) or European Magpie is unmistakable due to its pied plumage and long 20–30 centimetres (8–12 in), graduated tail.Overall, It is 40–51 centimetres (16–20 in) in length. Its head, neck and breast are glossy black with a metallic green and violet sheen; the belly and scapulars (shoulder feathers) are pure white; the wings are black glossed with green or purple, and the primaries have white inner webs, conspicuous when the wing is open. The graduated tail is black, shot with bronze-green and other iridescent colours. The legs and bill are black.The Magpie builds a large stick nest and lays up to 12 eggs.They are noisy and sociable birds.

Full description,sound and photographs in our online guide here....

Jackdaw

Jackdaw

Jackdaw Carvus monedula

The Jackdaw is the smallest species in the genus corvus at 34–39 cm (14–15 in). Mainly black with distinctive grey rear head and nape contrasting with black face and 'piercing' light grey iris colour.Pairs of Jackdaws mate for life and often form into large flocks with rook (above).Sometimes known as the Eurasian Jackdaw, or European Jackdaw, it is found across Europe, western Asia and North Africa.Call is a short snap - 'Kyak'


English dialect names are numerous. Scottish and north England dialect has had ka or kae since the 14th century. The midlands form of this was co or coo. Caddow is potentially a compound of ka and dow, a variant of daw. Other dialect or obsolete names include caddesse, cawdaw, caddy, chauk, college-bird (from dialectal college "cathedral"), jackerdaw, jacko, ka-wattie, chimney-sweep bird, from their nesting propensities, and sea-crow, from their frequenting coasts. It was also frequently known quasi-nominally as Jack.Wikipedia

Full description,sound and photographs in our online guide here....

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