|Islands north of Al-Hudaydah|
At least 31 islands north and west of Al-Hudaydah on the northern Red Sea shelf (excluding Kamaran, the largest such island, which is part of site 007). Most are low, flat and sandy, elevated only a few metres, but a few of the largest are formed from upraised coral and are higher, up to 36 m on the largest, Tikfash (2,990 ha). Most islands have a fringing coral reef, and usually also have a sand beach, allowing access at least at high tide; the most extensive beaches are on the east coast of Humar and the north coast of Tikfash. Vegetation is sparse on all islands, with thin grass and low, salt-tolerant bushes. There are small areas of mangrove Avicennia marina on Tikfash and Humar; Kitamah has a well, surrounded by succulent Euphorbia vegetation. Patches of seagrass and reef-rock rubble occur off most islands. Most islands have temporary fishing camps and anchorages, used seasonally, and there are graves on Juwa, Hataban and especially Uqban, where there are also traces of former settlement.
Key species;-Breeding Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus), Sooty Falcon (Falco concolor), White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus) , White-cheeked Tern (Sterna repressa).Also non-breeding Crab Plover (Dromas ardeola), Passage Sooty Gull (Larus hemprichii), Lesser Crested-tern (Sterna bengalensis)